Canada shares the North American continent with the United States, so the climate and ecological effects there have the potential to be felt here at home. It's with this in mind that a new government forecast from the U.S. may be concerning for Canada's farmers.
According to the U.S. Government Accountability Office (GAO), the long-term effects of climate change have the potential to substantially increase losses to crop insurance programs over the next several decades.
GAO revealed that losses for the programs tracing back to 2008 increased by 8% due in part to population growth and appreciation in property prices for regions at risk of flooding. Furthermore, come 2040, climate change has the potential to increases losses even more, perhaps over 100% by 2100.
Colorado Sen. Michael Bennet, chairman of the U.S. Agriculture Subcommittee on Conservation, Forestry and Natural Resources, requested the analysis to be done and remarked how the world can no longer tolerate dithering on climate change's devastating effects.
"It is yet another example of the expense that's caused by our failing to deal with climate change," said Bennett, according to USA Today.
Additionally, after analyzing 20 scientific studies on climate change, the report revealed there could be an uptick in hurricane losses of between 14% and 47% from 2000 to 2040. Losses could be even more significant further out, rising to as much as between 54% and 110% between 2040 and 2100.
Odds of Flooding May Rise
The GAO study also referenced how climate change could lead to an increased prevalence of flooding, which is the No. 1 natural disaster in the U.S.
Flooding has proven to be problematic over the last couple of years in Canada. Manitoba and Saskatchewan both saw severe flood damage this year. Many farmlands were destroyed and an estimated 100,000 people were displaced, according to provincial data records.
Crop insurance is an important protection farmers should have to provide financial cover for themselves when weather doesn't cooperate. With the appropriate documentation, farmers can make a claim if sales numbers are adversely affected by crop damage. Growers who receive insurance proceeds need to remember that this is considered earnings, so during tax season, it should be reported as farm income.